How to Choose the Right Bandsaw Blade

Choosing the right bandsaw blade depends on many factors; including type of bandsaw, condition of bandsaw, what material is to be cut, and how the material will be cut. It is impossible for one blade to work well for every purpose. Some applications need special blades for best results. If you are having trouble getting satisfactory results in cutting different materials, please call toll free 1-800-356-9918. Our knowledgeable technicians will be glad to assist you.

Step 1 - Choose a Product

What type of bandsaw do you have?

METALCUTTING BANDSAWS: Use Carbon Tool Steel or Bimetal Blades
Small to large, horizontal or vertical, metalcutting band- saws use either Carbon Tool Steel or Bimetal bandsaw blades. Carbon Tool Steel blades are more economical to purchase. Carbon Tool Steel blades will cut mild steel if used at speeds under 200 feet per minute (1pm) for best results, preferably with coolant. If you are sawing in a production setting, your saw is in good repair and adjusted correctly, and want the longest life blade available, then you should use Bimetal bandsaw blades. Bimetal blades cost more than carbon blades, but are generally more economi- cal to operate in the long run, because they can outlast carbon blades by up to 10 times if used property. Also, they are capable of cutting harder materials, such as stainless steel.

SMALL 2 AND 3 WHEEL TABLETOP WOODCUTTING BANDSAWS: Use “The Three Wheeler” Blades
Small tabletop saws with 2 or 3 wheels need a very thin blade, such as our "Three Wheeler" bandsaw blades. The challenge with these saws is that the wheels are so small that a standard thickness blade exes beyond proper toler- ances when it travels around these small wheels, thereby shortening blade life. "The Three Wheeler" bandsaw blades are designed to withstand this extreme exing and will give you the longest life on these saws.

WOODCUTTING BANDSAWS: Use Carbon Tool Steel, Premi- um Gold Carbide, or Specialty Resaw
Vertical woodcutting bandsaws from 10” and up will use Carbon Tool Steel blades for most sawing needs. Our Premi- um Gold carbide impregnated blades are designed to be used either in heavy production or by craftsmen who demand the very best blade available. Our Premium Gold carbide impregnated blades are extremely last cutting with the longest life of any woodcutting blades we offer - they are quickly becoming the most used and prized blades in the shops of serious woodworkers. Our WoodSaver thin kerf, carbide impregnated resaw blades are specially designed for resawing expensive hardwoods when conserving material is very important. NOTE: Your owner's manual may say that your woodcutting bandsaw can cut metal, but woodcutting bandsaws can only cut soft metals, such as aluminum, brass, copper, etc. Cutting steel could damage your saw, due to the fact that blade speed on most woodcutting bandsaws (average 800 to 3500 fpm) is not slow enough (40 to 200 fpm) for cutting ferrous metals (i.e. steel). Trying to cut steel at woodcutting speeds will ruin the blade due to the extreme heat produced.

Step 2 - Choose a Width

How tightly do you need to turn?

Horizontal metalcutting bandsaws are typically designed to use only one width of blade. Vertical metalcutting bandsaws and woodcutting bandsaws have the capacity to run a wide range of widths. Here are some minimum turning circle diameters for our most common blades:

BLADE

MINIMUN CIRCLE DIAMETER

1/8” X 14 Raker Carbon

3/16”

3/16” X 4 Skip Carbon

/8”

3/16” X 10 Raker Carbon

7/16”

3/16” X 8 Hook Three Wheeler

9/16”

1/4” X 6 Hook Premium Gold Carbide

3/4”

1/4” X 6 Hook Three Wheeler

1 1/2”

3/8” X 4 Hook Premium Gold Carbide

1 3/4”

3/8” X 4 Hook Carbon & Bitmetal

2 1/4”

3/8” X 6 Hook Three Wheeler

2 5/8”

1/2” X 3 Hook Premium Gold Carbide

3 5/8”

1/2” X 3 Hook Carbon & Bitmetal

6 1/2”

3/4” X 3 Hook Carbon

9 1/4”

Step 3 - Choose a Tooth Pattern

What are you cutting?

METALCUTTING BANDSAWS:
The correct tooth pattern for metalcutting is determined by the thickness (cross-section) of material you are cutting. There should be between 2 and approximately 10 teeth in contact with the material at all times. Generally, choose fewer teeth per inch for thicker materials and more teeth per inch for thinner mate- rials. The chart below will give you some basic guidelines for choosing the correct number of teeth per inch.

WOODCUTTING BANDSAWS:
There is a wide range of what is considered correct for tooth patterns on a woodcutting bandsaw. The general rule is that fewer teeth per inch provide a faster, but rougher cut; and more teeth per inch provide a smoother, but slower cut.

CARBON TOOL STEEL

MATERIAL THICKNESS

PREMIUM BIMETAL

24 Raker

1/16’’ - 1/4”

20-24 Variable

18 Raker

1/8” - 3/8”

14-18 Variable

14 Raker

3/16” - 7/16”

10-14 Variable

10 Raker

1/4” - 1/2”

8-12 Variable

10 Raker

5/16 - 5/18”

6-10 Variable / 6 Hook

6 Hook

3/8” - 1”

5-8 Variable / 6 Hook

6 Hook

1/2” - 2”

4-6 Variable / 6 Hook

4 Hook

3/4” - 4 1/2”

3-4 Variable / 4 Hook

3 Hook

1”-6”

3 Hook

2 Hook (Teeth Per Inch)

2”-12”

2 Hook (Teeth Per Inch)

SOLIDS VS. STRUCTURAL SHAPES:
It is simpler to determine the correct tooth pattern for solids than for structural shapes. Structural shapes such as square tubing and angle pieces need to be cut at the correct angle to keep the teeth in contact with the thinner portion of the cut. For example, if you are cutting a piece of 4" angle with a 1/4" wall, you should match the tooth pattern to the 1/4" thickness (10-14 Variable or 14 Raker) and not to the 4” thickness (3-4 Variable or 3 Hook). Therefore. the 4· angle should be placed in the saw so it sits as a pyramid instead of an "L." The following diagrams show the correct orientation for cutting various structural shapes.

STACK CUTTING:
Stack cutting should always be avoided where possible, because regardless of how the material is clamped in the vise there will always be varying thicknesses lo cul and you cannot match teeth properly. Also, vibration is a major problem when stack cutting - if you must stack cut, make sure to tack-weld the ends and band the stack together as tightly as possible to reduce vibration or movement between the pieces.
 

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